Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and Ankle Injuries


With 28 bones connected by joints, tendons, muscles and ligaments, the foot is one of the most complex parts of the body. When feet suffer from pain, it can significantly interfere with mobility and the activities of daily living. Even without pain, foot misalignments, malformations and malfunctions, can cause other parts of the body to compensate, leading to other problems, such as knee, back and hip pain.

There are multiple treatments depending on the exact condition. Here are some of the treatments:
  • Joint repair and/or replacement for problems such as bunions and hammertoes, which develop over time and often become chronically painful, especially in arthritic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Removal of neuromas (these are painful benign nerve tumors of the foot).
  • Removal and biopsy of soft-tissue lesions.
  • Repair of torn or ruptured tendons of the foot and ankle.
  • Removal of heel spurs to relieve heel pain. This can be treated by use of shock wave therapy or endoscopic plantar fasciotomy.
  • Repair of foot fractures from sports-related injuries or accidents.